All You Need to Know About Section 166 of the Motor Vehicle Act

The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 has been a milestone regulation going about as the sole legal solution for parties engaged with street mishaps. The demonstration commands convey legitimate engine protection while driving on Indian streets, making outsider vehicle protection the most fundamental necessary document.


This article examines the significance of this demonstration in our lives as well as the overarching Section 166, which indicates who can guarantee to pay in the Motor Accident Claim Tribunal.

Why the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988?

With the expansion in vehicular rush hour gridlock, mishaps brought about by engine vehicles are not any more an interesting sight these days. In such dubious circumstances, many lose their property and some even their lives.

This doesn’t have to happen because of your issue without fail. Here and there, you engage in a mishap because of the shortcoming of others.


The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 comes in as an administrative redressal in such circumstances with arrangements that safeguard the interests of the people who aren’t to blame, guarantees satisfactory remuneration, and equity to the casualty as well as discipline for the individual whose obliviousness required the accident.

It is just through this act that a guilty party can be held responsible on account of a mishap so pay can be given to the individuals who endured in light of the shortcoming of others. Consequently, this act targets forestalling street mishaps as well as acting as an official component in the event that a lamentable occurrence occurs.


What is the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988?

The first demonstration to come into force for the guideline of street transport vehicles engaged with mishaps was the Motor Vehicles Act, 1914. This act was additionally supplanted by the Motor Vehicles Act, 1939.

After this, the earnest and rising requirement for a superior regulation interaction, which covers every one of the aspects of vehicular mishaps through its arrangements, was required. This prompted the development of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, which supplanted the Act of 1939.

This Act, which was carried out on the 1st  of July 1989, arose as a milestone regulation coming in as a major area of strength for a to manage vehicles and transport out and about. Its remarkable elements included:

  • Provides for the government assistance of people in general after they automatically engage in an accident
  • Its arrangements guarantee the government assistance of the ‘Outsider’. Outsider insurance  includes every one of the individuals who were at no shortcoming in a mishap except forgot involved because of oblivious and careless driving by others, consequently turning into a party to the incident.
  • This specific demonstration extensively covers every one of the viewpoints engaged with the vehicle of vehicles on the road

Section 166 of the Motor Vehicles Act

Now that you have a fair and vital comprehension of what is the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 as well as, for what reason was there a requirement for further developed regulation to be executed, how about we push forward to resolving the inquiry you came here for – What is Section 166 under this act?

In straightforward words, Section 166 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 incorporates arrangements for who all can apply for remuneration in the Motor Accident Claims Tribunal(MACT) in the event that they engage with a street mishap. According to this segment, an individual can guarantee pay in MACT if:

  • They have supported a physical issue in the accident
  • They are the proprietor of the property harmed/engaged with the accident
  • They are a lawful agent of the individual who died in the street accident
  • They are an approved specialist of the harmed party or the lawful delegates of the individual departed in the accident.

Please note that in such cases, the ‘Proprietor’, under area 2(30) of the demonstration, will be delegated the individual whose name stands enrolled with the engine vehicle, and on account of a minor, the individual who is the gatekeeper of the involved minor.


How might this Compensation at any point be Claimed?

Compensation under this segment can be guaranteed by applying with both of the accompanying council locations:

  • The claims court where the proprietor of the vehicle is living in
  • The claims council where the inquirer is dwelling in
  • The claims court which happens to be where the mishap took place

Can the Compensation be Claimed Anytime?

Even though there is no recommended time limit inside which the application for the case is to be documented, it ought to in any case be guaranteed that it is done within a sensible measure of time. Doing, in any case, can bring questions up in the council. Pay is granted to the concerned party by the council in the accompanying cases:

  • When the mishap has brought about injury to their body or even death
  • When the mishap has caused misfortune/harm to their property
  • When the mishap has obligatorily emerged from engine vehicles


The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 was authorized as a preventive measure for street mishaps as well as a medicinal measure for the situation a mishap happens. Notwithstanding, regulations that require execution, in any case, are just incalculable papers.

It isn’t just the obligation of the public authority, yet individuals too to guarantee viable execution of this act with the goal that certified redressal can happen in instances of awful episodes. Everybody ought to act mindfully out and about and adhere to all traffic guidelines tenaciously to moderate street accidents.

Additionally, while avoidance is in every case better compared to fix, unexpected occasions can in any case happen whenever out and about, so ensure that you do your exploration and purchase the best vehicle insurance  for your vehicle so that in addition to the fact that you get monetary security in the period of scarcity yet additionally drive with the tranquility of mind.